A liver transplant is a treatment performed by a specialized surgeon where they remove a liver that no longer works properly and transplants a healthy liver donated from either a deceased person or a living person.
The surgeon will remove the liver from the receiver and then transplants a part of the donor’s liver. Within a week, the donor’s remaining part of the liver extends back to its actual size.
A living donor is preferred over deceased ones because the liver from the living donor has the special ability to regenerate itself. Patients who obtain transplants from living donors may be needed for their surgery, understanding well in betterment when the transplant occurs.
Having a living donor reduces the waiting time until the transplant and enhances the chance for transplant success. Also, the liver itself is fresher because the donor and recipient are available in the operating rooms, and the donated liver portion is transported within a few minutes.
Eligibility Criteria for Liver Donation
The living donor should come under certain criteria:
- Age around 18-55 years old
- A Healthy family person ready to donate
- Weight should be between 50-85 kg. The person should not be overweight or obese since they may have fatty livers.
- No medical conditions like heart disease, liver disease, diabetes, or cancer
- Blood group compatible with the patient
1. Age of donor
Donor age is comprised as a risk factor in the additional suitable graft survival scores. The age of liver donors should have come under 18-55 years old. The older donors might increase the chances of complications and hepatitis C virus-related graft failure.
3. Good Physical Shape
The person is free of cancer, organ diseases such as liver or heart disease, HIV, hepatitis, and active or long-term infections. You should be healthy enough to donate your liver. Your blood pressure is also very normal.
Read Here: Top 7 Fruits High in Vitamin C
3. Compatible Blood Type
Suppose you want to identify whether your blood is compatible with the recipient’s blood and whether your kidney, liver, and thyroids function properly. Also, you have to check about other transmittable viruses, like HIV and hepatitis.
Some centers need that your blood type should match with the recipient. For instance, this may make good matches:
- The person with Type AB can donate to the person who has type AB.
- If you have this Type O, you can donate to people who have type A, B, AB, or O.
- Type A can donate to the person who is either type A or AB.
- Type B can donate to people who have type B or AB.
4. Diagnostic Tests
Several tests will be performed to check the health of the donor and his liver. These tests might include X-rays, a liver biopsy, ultrasounds, heart tests, lung tests, colonoscopy, and dental exams. Women should also have a gynecology exam, Pap test, and mammogram.
5. Physical and Mental Health
Liver transplantation is a lifesaving surgical process linked with improved longevity and quality of life. The process needs a reliable and trained team of professionals. A psychiatrist plays an essential role in such a team.
A psychiatric and psychosocial assessment is considered crucial to evaluate the candidate’s usefulness as a transplant recipient. Many psychiatric diseases may lead to the need for a liver transplant and, if held unchecked, can severely affect outcomes.
Psychiatric issues arising in the post-transplant time may also need the psychiatrist’s intervention.
6. Matching Body Size
If you decide to donate your liver to a child, your body size purely depends on the same as the adult who may get part of your liver.
7. Eligible to Recieve Liver from Donor
Since the living donor liver transplantation surgery includes the transplantation of a certain portion of a liver instead of the entire liver, patients with extreme liver disease are not eligible.
Other probable disqualifications comprise:
- Cancer outside of the liver
- Active infections
- Alcohol or substance abuse
- Other disorders or conditions
- Before experiencing any surgery, your transplant team will perform a comprehensive evaluation to identify your eligibility.
Who Needs A Liver Transplant Surgery?
A liver transplant is primary surgery. Therefore, a patient should meet certain criteria that contain a patient’s quality of life that may improve with a liver transplant.
Other surgical or medical treatment choices either will not work or are not a good choice for the patient. The patient and support systems understand and take the risks of maintaining a liver transplant.
This might include access to grants for the transplant process, post-transplant medicines, and other healthcare expenses. The social worker and patient financial condition can find different ways to spend their care.
Cost of Liver Transplant Treatment
In India, liver transplant treatment is less costly compared to other countries. And also, the success rate of this surgery is approximately from 85% to 90%, which is high than in other developed nations.
Even though you reside outside India, you can travel to India for liver transplant treatment since liver transplant cost in India is reasonable. Official authorities completely regulate procedures like organ transplantation in India.
For many people, a liver transplant is a necessary, life-saving procedure. You can approach liver transplant hospitals in India for treatment.