Foot care is especially crucial, if you have diabetes. A common complication of this disease is foot problem. There are two ways by which your feet are harmed. The blood flow may be compromised, causing slower healing. Diabetes also causes nerve injury that may cause you to lose feeling in your feet.
According to endocrinologists in Islamabad, minor cuts or blisters may go unnoticed by someone whose nerves have been weakened by diabetes. This could result in a non-healing wound or an infection that puts you at danger of limb amputation.
To avoid foot problems, it is essential to take care of your feet. In this article, you’ll be reading amazing tips for diabetic foot care.
Foot Care for Diabetic People
All diabetics should get their feet examined by a doctor at least once a year. This is critical for early detection of foot issues and the prevention of ulcers. In other cases, it may lead to gangrene (dead and black tissue) caused by delayed treatment of foot injuries.
Here are some foot care habits that you may adopt if you have diabetes.
Inspect Your Feet Daily
A major complication of diabetes is nerve damage. It makes it difficult for diabetic patients to feel any cracks or sores in their feet. Therefore, inspect your feet daily for any wound, sores, or cracks. This involves inspecting your heels, sides, area between toes, tops, and soles.
If you are unable to inspect the bottom of your feet. Make use of a magnifying mirror. Some other things that you should keep in mind involve the following guidelines:
- Make use of good light to spot any problem.
- Look for cracked skin on your heels and toes.
- Inspect between your toes if there is any cut or fungus (may cause athlete’s foot).
- See if there are any ingrown toenails, calluses, and corns.
- Touch different areas of your feet to check for redness or tenderness.
Wash Your Feet Daily
Make sure to wash your feet daily. Follow the below-mentioned guidelines.
- Use lukewarm water.
- Make use of mild soaps.
- Do not soak your feet for a longer period of time, to avoid dry skin.
- Dry your feet through patting or blotting. Don’t rub.
- Carefully dry between your toes.
- To prevent cracking, moisturise your feet.
- Don’t moisturise between your toes. It may lead to fungal infection.
Don’t Bathe Your Feet in Hot Water
It might be difficult to tell if the bathwater is excessively hot when persons with diabetes suffer nerve damage. Blisters and burns are infection-prone. Therefore, stepping into a bath without first testing the temperature might result in serious injury to your feet. Check the water temperature using your elbow before entering the shower or tub.
Choose Diabetes-Friendly Shoes and Socks
If you have lost foot sensitivity, you can protect your feet by choosing diabetes-friendly shoes and socks.
Keep in mind the following points before making a shoe selection.
- Don’t buy tight shoes.
- The toe box of your shoes should have plenty of room.
- Buy leather or canvas shoes. Avoid shoes made of plastic.
- To avoid any injury, don’t wear sandals, flip flops, or open-toed shoes.
- Avoid high heels.
- Wear shoes with buckles and laces that can be adjusted.
- Every day, check the inside of your shoes for holes or bumps. They may cause irritation.
- After five hours, give your feet a break to adjust the pressure points on different parts of your feet.
- Ask your doctor for special shoes, if your foot ulcer is not healing.
Here are some tips you need to adopt while wearing socks.
- Wear dry and clean socks.
- Change your socks on a regular basis.
- Wear socks that are made of cotton, or wool.
- Don’t wear tight socks.
- Avoid socks with elastic tops.
- Choose socks that provide cushions.
- Wear socks to bed at night, if your feet get cold.
Do Not Walk Barefoot
Do not go barefoot even within the house. Walking around without shoes exposes your feet to scratches, minor cuts, and penetration from glass shards and splinters.
If you have nerve damage, you may not be aware of the dangers until they become infected. It’s best to have your shoes on at all times, even when you’re at home.
Now, let’s go through the steps you can follow for proper toenail care.
- Cut your toenails after washing your feet. Nails are soft at this time.
- Cut them straight but not in a curved fashion.
- Don’t cut the toenails too short.
- Avoid cuticle cutting.
- Don’t clean under your nails using any sharp object.
- Visit a nail technician if you can’t do toenail care yourself.
The chemicals in cigarette smoke cause damage to your blood vessels. This in turn deprives your feet of blood supply. Therefore, it is necessary for diabetic patients to quit smoking to keep their feet healthy and able to fight infections.
Visit Your Doctor
If you develop heat, swelling, pain, discolouration, or your injury doesn’t heal, see your doctor. Also, if you’re looking for more tips and ideas to take care of your feet. Talk to your doctor and diabetic health care team.